Brain injury symptoms

Brain injury symptomsBrain injury symptoms can be caused by head injury, toxicity, or even emotional trauma.

The brain is delicate and can be injured much more easily than most people realize.

It does not take much to cause subtle and not-so-subtle brain injury symptoms.

Cerebral Cortex

Frontal Lobe: most anterior, right under the forehead

Functions of the cerebral cortex:

  • How we know what we are doing within our environment (consciousness)
  • How we initiate activity in response to our environment
  • Judgments we make about what occurs in our daily activities
  • Controls emotional response
  • Controls expressive language
  • Assigns meaning to the words we use
  • Involves word associations
  • Memory for habits and motor activities

Brain injury symptoms of the cerebral cortex can include:

  • Loss of simple movement of various body parts (paralysis)
  • Inability to plan a sequence of complex movements needed to complete multi-step tasks, such as making coffee (sequencing)
  • Loss of spontaneity in interacting with others
  • Loss of flexibility in thinking
  • Persistence of a single thought (preservation)
  • Inability to focus on task (attending)
  • Mood changes (emotionally labile)
  • Changes in social behavior
  • Changes in personality
  • Difficulty with problem solving
  • Inability to express language (Broca's Aphasia)

Parietal Lobe: near the back and top of the head

Functions of the parietal lobe

  • Location for visual attention and touch perception
  • Goal-directed, voluntary movements
  • Manipulation of objects
  • Integration of different senses that allows for understanding a single concept

Brain injury symptoms of the parietal lobe can include:

  • Inability to attend to more than one object at a time
  • Inability to name an object (anomia)
  • Inability to locate the words for writing (agraphia)
  • Problems with reading (alexia)
  • Difficulty with drawing objects
  • Difficulty in distinguishing left from right
  • Difficulty with doing mathematics (dyscalculia)
  • Lack of awareness of certain body parts and/or surrounding space (apraxia) that leads to difficulties in self-care
  • Inability to focus visual attention
  • Difficulties with eye and hand coordination

Occipital Lobes: most posterior, at the back of the head

Function of occipital lobes: Vision

Brain injury symptoms of the occipital lobes can include:

  • Defects in vision (visual field cuts)
  • Difficulty with locating objects in environment
  • Difficulty with identifying colors (color agnosia)
  • Production of hallucinations
  • Visual illusions - inaccurately seeing objects
  • Word blindness - inability to recognize words
  • Difficulty in recognizing drawn objects
  • Inability to recognize the movement of an object (movement agnosia)
  • Difficulties with reading and writing

Temporal Lobes: side of head above ears

Functions of the temporal lobes:

  • Hearing ability
  • Memory acquisition
  • Some visual perceptions
  • Categorization of objects

Brain injury symptoms of the temporal lobes can include:

  • Difficulty in recognizing faces (prosopagnosia)
  • Difficulty in understanding spoken words (wernicke's aphasia)
  • Disturbance with selective attention to what we see and hear
  • Difficulty with identification of, and verbalization about objects
  • Short-term memory loss
  • Interference with long-term memory
  • Increased or decreased interest in sexual behavior
  • Inability to categorize objects (categorization)
  • Right lobe damage can cause persistent talking
  • Increased aggressive behavior

Brain Stem: deep in the brain - leads to the spinal cord

Functions of the brain stem:

Brain injury symptoms of the brain stem can include:

  • Decreased vital capacity in breathing, important for speech
  • Swallowing food and water (dysphagia)
  • Difficulty with organization/perception of the environment
  • Problems with balance and movement
  • Dizziness and nausea (vertigo)
  • Sleeping difficulties (insomnia, sleep apnea)

Cerebellum: located at the base of the skull

Functions of the cerebellum:

  • Coordination of voluntary movement
  • Balance and equilibrium
  • Some memory for reflex motor acts

Brain injury symptoms of the cerebellum can include:

  • Loss of ability to coordinate fine movements
  • Inability to reach out and grab objects
  • Tremors
  • Dizziness (vertigo)
  • Slurred Speech (scanning speech)
  • Inability to make rapid movements

Nutritionally support brain injury symptoms with:

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Brain injury symptoms can be characterized as brain balance problems.

What do you have to say? Say it here...
Brain injuries steal you life
Wow!! Thank you!! Now I understand why my ex-husband was that way. So many years trying to understand his behavior.

Ally from Cally
Superb product. Has made such a difference to how I feel. THANKS!

The problem is much bigger than acknowledged
Michael D
I work with people that have had brain injuries and have come to believe very strongly that brain injuries are massively under-recognized.

Although many people with mild brain injury will experience some of the symptoms, most of these types of injuries are not diagnosed or acknowledged.

So victims just think that is who they are, when in fact, their personality, behavior, and health has been shifted by an un-diagnosed injury.

I didn't know where to find this info then kbaoom it was here.
I didn't know where to find this info then kbaoom it was here.

A stroke of bad luck
I believe brain injuries of all kinds are the reason that this world is in such a mess.

I married the most lovely man and we were happily married for 35 years until he had a stroke. From that point on he may as well have been another man. He was very rude, so difficult to be around, and had no sense that he was the problem. All of a sudden, he blamed everyone else for almost anything and everything - but could not see his own role in it.

If it is not our brain that makes us human, what does?

Brain injuries steal your life
My ex-boyfriend had a brain injury after we had been together for several years. Although he looked and sounded the same on the surface and he apparently had recovered, he became and was a real jerk.

He was much more argumentative, moody, negative, and more difficult to be around. The nice warm guy that he was took a back seat, way way back. He hardly ever came out, in fact, I'm not sure even exists anymore.

It took me a year or more to realize he no longer existed - at least the person I knew no longer existed.

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